Fun While It Lasted

The Untold Stories of Forgotten Teams

Posts Tagged ‘NASL

#28 – Hartford Bicentennials / Connecticut Bicentennials

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The North American Soccer League (NASL) awarded an expansion franchise to Hartford, Connecticut in late 1974 to begin play in the spring of 1975.  During the same expansion round, the NASL created the Chicago Sting, Portland Timbers and Tampa Bay Rowdies franchises, which became iconic teams in the early history of American pro soccer, fondly recalled by many middle-aged soccer fans today.  The Hartford Bicentennials did not join them in that club.

The Bi’s ramped up for the 1975 campaign by raiding the roster and front office of the minor league Rhode Island Oceaneers, defending champions of the lower division American Soccer League (ASL).  Hartford signed the Oceaneer’s star 21-year old American goalkeeper Arnie Mausser and also lured away Head Coach Manny Schellscheidt and General Manager Mike Bosson

Meanwhile the Bicentennials faced local competition from an ASL franchise in their own city – the Connecticut Yankees who already played in Dillon Stadium.  When the ASL and NASL released their schedules in early 1975, there were five dates when the rival clubs had both scheduled home games at Dillon.  The resulting glut of pro soccer helped to depress attendance in one of the NASL’s smallest markets.  The Bi’s averaged only 3,720 fans for eleven home matches.  The team’s minor league approach also left the team uncompetitive  on the field.  Hartford finished the 1975 season with a 6-16 record, tied for worst in the 20-team NASL.

In 1976, Connecticut Yankees owner Bob Kratzer moved his ASL club to West Haven, alleviating the scheduling logjam at Dillon Stadium.  The 1976 Bicentennials were also improved on the pitch, fielding a reasonably competitive .500 team (12-12).  But after two seasons in Hartford the Bicentennials soured on Dillon Stadium, where the club had averaged fewer than 4,000 fans per game.  By comparison, the NASL’s top draws in cities such as Minneapolis, Portland and Seattle all claimed average crowds in excess of 20,000 during the 1976 season. 

In 1977, Bi”s owner Robert Darling moved his club 45 miles down Interstate 91 to New Haven’s 70,000-seat Yale Bowl.  The club dropped “Hartford” from their name and went by the “Connecticut Bicentennials” for the 1977 campaign.

Unsurprisingly, the Bi’s drew their best gate of the 1977 season when the Brazilian superstar Pele and his New York Cosmos came to town for the home opener at the Yale Bowl on May 8th.  The teams treated the club record crowd of 17,302 to a dramatic finish, as the Bi’s rallied from a 2-0 deficit in the final eight minutes to tie the match, only to lose when Keith Eddy of the Cosmos beat Bi’s keeper Gene DuChateau on a penalty kick with less than two minutes remaining. 

After the novelty of Pele’s appearance wore off, Bi’s attendance returned to Hartford-esque levels.  Among other factors, owner Robert Darling cited the lack of professional grade lighting at the Yale Bowl, which limited the Bi’s to afternoon and early evening start times.  The team’s lackluster talent couldn’t have helped – the Bi’s regressed to a league-worst 7-19 record.  Dave Litterer’s American Soccer History Archives website puts Bi’s average attendance at the Yale Bowl at just 3,848 for 13 home matches in 1977, also worst in the 18-team NASL.

In September 1977, Bi’s owner Bob Darling sold the team to Milan Mandaric, owner of the NASL’s San Jose Earthquakes, for an undisclosed amount.  As part of the transaction, Mandaric divested himself of the Earthquakes and established his new club – renamed the Oakland Stompers –  just across the Bay at the Oakland Coliseum. 


After one season at the Oakland Coliseum, Mandaric decided he had made a mistake in attempting to start a second Bay Area club in the NASL.  He sold the team to Edmonton Oilers owner Peter Pocklington, who moved the franchise to Edmonton where it played four more seasons as the Edmonton Drillers before folding in 1982.

Arnie Mausser was inducted into the National Soccer Hall-of-Fame in 2003.

Bicentennials owner Robert E. Darling passed away in October 2009 at the age of 72.


“Hartford Team Clash Over City Stadium”, Alex Yannis, The New York Times, March 2, 1975
“Hartford Bicentennials soccer club undergoes front office clean-up” Ken Robinson, The Meriden Morning Record & Journal, March 16, 1976
“Bicentennials fall to Pele & Cosmos”, Ken Robinson, The Meriden Morning Record & Journal, May 9, 1977


Written by andycrossley

June 13, 2011 at 11:27 am

Posted in Soccer

Tagged with , ,

#3 – New England/Jacksonville Tea Men

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In January 1978, Thomas J. Lipton, Inc., better known as the Lipton Tea Company, purchased an expansion franchise in the North American Soccer League.  The NASL was riding a wave of expansion in 1978 – a speculative bubble as it would turn out – sparked by the spectacular three-year run of Brazilian superstar Pele at the New York Cosmos, another corporate owned club.

Lipton’s club set up shop in Foxboro, Massachusetts and adopted the nickname New England Tea Men, in a nod to the area’s revolutionary roots and, of course, its corporate overlords.  Lipton Vice President of Marketing Derek Carroll took the reigns as club President with a $1.5M operating budget and $600,000 allocated to sign players from around the world.

One player signed was a little known English striker named Mike Flanagan acquired on loan from Charlton Athletic.  Flanagan came out of nowhere for the Tea Men, scoring 30 goals in 28 games and earning NASL Most Valuable Player honors in 1978.  The rest of the squad was also unexpectedly strong for a club put together on just four months notice.  The Tea Men tied the Tampa Bay Rowdies for first place in the NASL’s American Conference Eastern Division with a 19-11 record.  The Fort Lauderdale Strikers eliminated the Tea Men in the first round of the 1978 NASL playoffs.  At the box office, the Tea Men drew an average crowd of just over 11,000 to Schaefer Stadium in Foxboro, Massachusetts, the home of the NFL’s Patriots.

The Tea Men had a rougher go of it in 1979.  Flanagan got into a contract dispute back home with Charlton Athletic and ultimately with the Tea Men themselves.  The saga of Flanagan’s status dragged on for much of the 1979 season, with the Tea Men even prematurely announcing his return in June 1979.  Ultimately, Flanagan never returned to the United States again after his MVP campaign in 1978.  Meanwhile, the Tea Men were evicted from Schaefer Stadium by order of a judge due to a dispute with a neighboring dog racing track.  Forced to play on short notice at urban Nickerson Field in Boston, attendance plummeted nearly 50% as did the team’s record.  The 1979 Tea Men finished 11-13 and out of the playoff hunt.

In December 1979, the Tea Men signed on for the NASL’s first winter indoor soccer season.  Only ten of the league’s twenty-four teams chose to take part. The Tea Men probably wished they had stuck with the majority.  Playing at the Providence Civic Center, the indoor Tea Men found new ways to prolong the agony of the bitter 1979 campaign, staggering to 2-10 last place finish.  The incomparable soccer broadcaster/blogger Kenn Tomasch has posted a terrific video clip of the indoor Tea Men from an early ESPN broadcast on Youtube:

The Tea Men gave up on New England in November, 1980 and relocated to Jacksonville, Florida’s Gator Bowl.  Still owned by Lipton, the franchise retained the Boston Tea Party-inspired name, although it made little sense in Florida, which remained a Spanish territory unti 1821.

Jacksonville lured the Tea Men south with a pledge of 14,000 season tickets, but the pledge never materialized.  The Associated Press reported that the Tea Men sold less than 4,500 season tickets after arriving in Florida.  By the end of 1981, Lipton’s patience with the NASL was wearing thin.  The league had blown its national television contract with ABC and was now shedding franchises at an alarming rate.  Lipton lost a reported $7M on the club between 1978 and 1981, including $1.7M  during the first ten months in Jacksonville.  In September 1981, the Tea Men were on the verge of folding before Lipton posted the required $150,000 bond with the league to stay in for the indoor season.

The Tea Men averaged a relatively strong 6,375 fans for indoor soccer at the Coliseum that winter.  A group of local businessmen led by attorney Earl Hadlow struck a deal to lease the club from Lipton and operate it for the 1982 outdoor season.  The momentum died when the team moved outdoors, however.  On the field, the Tea Men regressed from the 18-14 playoff club of 1981 to a last-place 11-21 finish in 1982.  Fan support dwindled as well.  The Tea Men drew only 7,160 fans on average to the 68,000-seat Gator Bowl in 1982, second worst in the 14-team NASL.  Hadlow’s group ran out of money during the season and returned the Tea Men to Lipton, who immediately began looking to unload the club once and for all.  Deals were announced to sell the club to investors in Milwaukee, then Detroit.  Both fell through.

In early 1983, local businessman Ingo Krieg rescued the Tea Men yet again and entered them in the lower level American Soccer League.  The nonsensical Tea Men name endured, despite the fact that Lipton had finally pulled out entirely.  The ASL had a long and rather weird history dating back to the Great Depression.  Similar to the NASL, the ASL had gone on an expansion spree in the mid-1970’s, convinced that soccer’s moment had arrived.  By the time Krieg and the Tea Men arrived in 1983, the ASL was in its death throes.  Rebounding from 1982’s on-field disapppointment, the Tea Men won the final ASL championship in 1983.

Dissatisfied with his partners in the league, Krieg lead an insurrection in early 1984, peeling away the Dallas and Detroit franchises to form the United Soccer League in the spring of 1984.  The Tea Men regressed to an 11-13 record and missed the playoffs.  After countless near death experiences, the Tea Men folded once and for all after the 1984 campaign.


The Tea Men’s Jacksonville cheerleader squad was known as the Cu-Teas.  Several of their former members have created a Facebook tribute page.

Tea Men coaches Noel Cantwell and Dennis Viollet both passed away from cancer in 2005 and 1999 respectively.


2011 Interview with Jacksonville Tea Men owner Ingo Krieg

Sources & Further Reading:
Associated Press, January 20th, 1978
“Tea Men’s Owners Rescue Their Team”, Associated Press, September 16th, 1981

Written by andycrossley

March 15, 2011 at 6:37 pm

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